Which engine is more efficient and why?
“Diesel engines are more fuel-efficient and have more low-end torque than similar-sized gasoline engines, and diesel fuel contains roughly 10% to 15% more energy than gasoline. So, diesel vehicles can often go about 20% to 35% farther on a gallon of fuel than their gasoline counterparts.
What engine is the least efficient?
How efficient are engines? Combustion engines are stupefyingly inefficient. Most diesel engines do not even have a thermal efficiency of 50%.
Which fuel is most efficient?
Diesel engines generally achieve greater fuel efficiency than petrol (gasoline) engines. Passenger car diesel engines have energy efficiency of up to 41% but more typically 30%, and petrol engines of up to 37.3%, but more typically 20%.
What is the most thermally efficient engine?
To date, the most thermally efficient automotive internal combustion engine belongs to Mercedes-AMG’s Formula 1 team, with an efficiency of 50 percent; AMG hopes the F1-derived engine in the Project One street-legal supercar will achieve 41-percent thermal efficiency, which would make it the most thermally efficient …
Why are Stirling engines not used?
Why Aren’t Stirling Engines More Common? There are a couple of key characteristics that make Stirling engines impractical for use in many applications, including in most cars and trucks. The engine requires some time to warm up before it can produce useful power. The engine can not change its power output quickly.
Can a system ever be 100% efficient?
Most machines transfer energy from one place or another, or transform one form of energy (e.g. chemical) into another (e.g. mechanical), but machines can`t create any form of energy. This tendency of systems to lose energy is called entropy. … That is why 100% efficiency in machines shall not be possible.
Are Carnot engines 100% efficient?
In order to achieve 100% efficiency (η=1), Q2 must be equal to 0 which means that all the heat form the source is converted to work. The temperature of sink means a negative temperature on the absolute scale at which the temperature is greater than unity.
Is there any real machine where its efficiency is 100% why?
Answer: In practice no machine can achieve 100% efficiency. When you mean 100% efficiency it means your input energy should be completely transformed to output energy. … Various mechanical and electrical losses like friction and eddy current losses are the reasons behind the energy dissipation.