What is the difference between a 4 pole and 6 pole motor?
Using this equation, a 4-pole motor at 60Hz has a speed of 1,800 rpm, while a 6-pole motor at 50Hz has a speed of 1,000 rpm. However, this is actually the speed of the magnetic field, called the synchronous speed, which is not always equal to the shaft speed.
What is the difference between 6 pole and 8 pole motor?
For a 2 pole motor, at 60hz, it will spin 60 times a second, or 3600rpm. For a 4 pole motor, the speed is halved – 1800 rpm, 6 pole, 1200 rpm and so on. As speed decreases, torque increases so an 8 pole motor has 4x the torque of a 2 pole motor (but 1/4 the speed).
What does Pole mean in motor?
The motor drive energizes stator teeth one after the other to make the rotor turn, thanks to its magnets’ tendency to force alignment with the stator teeth. Simply defined, a pole is a north or south magnetic field of force that is generated by a permanent magnet or current passing through a coil of wire.
Which is better 2 pole or 4 pole motor?
A 2 pole motor has high speed due to less number of poles. Conversely, a 4 pole motor has low speed due to more number of poles. A 2 pole motor is more efficient on the flip side, a 4 poles motor is less efficient. A 2 pole motor has more RPM value; on the other side, the 4 poles motor has fewer revolutions per minute.
How many coils does a 6 pole motor have?
To create a six pole motor use six coils per phase that creates three north poles and three south poles and so on. The number of stator slots is always a multiple of six.
What is 120 in motor speed formula?
The equation for calculating synchronous speed is: S = 120 f/P speed = constant (120) times frequency of power source (60 Hz) divided by number of poles used in the motor (P).
How do I know what pole My motor is?
The actual running speed is the synchronous speed minus the slip speed. To determine the number of poles, you can read the data plate directly or calculate it from the RPM stated on the data plate or you can count the coils and divide by 3 (poles per phase) or by 6 (pairs of poles per phase).
How do you wire a 6 pole motor?
Connect motor lead 1 to L1 (typically black), motor lead 2 to L2 (typically red), and motor lead 3 to L3 (typically blue). Connect the other motor leads (4, 5, and 6) together. To get the delta start for a six lead motor, don’t connect 4, 5, and 6 together.
How many Poles does a AC motor have?
Common AC motor units are constructed with either two or four poles. A magnetic field is created in the stator poles that induces resulting magnetic fields in the rotor which follow the frequency of the changing magnetic field in the stator.
How poles are created in motor?
The magnetic field will pass through the rotor circuit inducing currents into the rotor. The frame of the motor provides a low reluctance path for the magnetic field to complete the magnetic circuit. … The stator poles are wound so a north and a south pole are formed when current passes through the windings.