A synchronous motor is one in which the rotor normally rotates at the same speed as the revolving field in the machine. The stator is similar to that of an induction machine consisting of a cylindrical iron frame with windings, usually three-phase, located in slots around the inner periphery.
What is the purpose of a synchronous motor?
Synchronous motors are normally used in applications in which a constant and precise speed is required. Typical applications of these low power motors are positioning machines. They are also used in robot actuators. Synchronous motors are also used in ball mills, watches, record players, and turntables.
What is synchronous motor and induction motor?
A synchronous motor is a doubly excited machine. An induction motor is a single excited machine. Supply System. Its armature winding is energized from an AC source and its field winding from a DC source. Its stator winding is energized from an AC source.
What is asynchronous and synchronous motor?
Synchronous motor is a machine whose rotor speed and the speed of the stator magnetic field is equal. Asynchronous motor is a machine whose rotor rotates at the speed less than the synchronous speed. … Asynchronous motor has slip therefore the value of slip is not equal to zero.
What are the main characteristics of synchronous motors?
Main Features of Synchronous Motors
- Synchronous motors are inherently not self starting. …
- The speed of operation of is in synchronism with the supply frequency and hence for constant supply frequency they behave as constant speed motor irrespective of load condition.
What is the main disadvantage of synchronous motors?
Disadvantages or Demerits:
Synchronous motors requires dc excitation which must be supplied from external sources. Synchronous motors are inherently not self starting motors and needs some arrangement for its starting and synchronizing. The cost per kW output is generally higher than that of induction motors.
Are synchronous motors AC or DC?
In a synchronous motor, AC power is supplied to the stator to generate a rotating magnetic field. DC power is supplied to the rotor which results in discrete North (N) and South (S) poles.
What is difference between induction motor and synchronous motor?
While synchronous motors have higher efficiency and no slip, induction motors have good starting torque. The synchronous motor has no starting torque. Power factor is lagging in induction motor and unity in synchronous motor. Capex is lower for induction while Opex is lower for synchronous.