There are three categories of Transmission-Based Precautions: Contact Precautions, Droplet Precautions, and Airborne Precautions.
What are the 3 transmission-based precautions and what do they prevent?
The three categories of Transmission-based Precautions are: Contact Precautions, Droplet Precautions, and Airborne Precautions, and are based on the likely routes of transmission of specific infectious agents. They may be combined for infectious agents that have more than one route of transmission.
What are the three types of transmission-based?
There are three types of transmission-based precautions–contact, droplet, and airborne – the type used depends on the mode of transmission of a specific disease.
What are transmission-based precautions used for?
Transmission-Based Precautions are the second tier of basic infection control and are to be used in addition to Standard Precautions for patients who may be infected or colonized with certain infectious agents for which additional precautions are needed to prevent infection transmission.
What are 4 types of isolation?
According to the CDC, the three standard categories of transmission-based precautions include contact isolation, droplet isolation, and airborne isolation.
- Standard Precautions. …
- Contact Isolation. …
- Droplet Isolation. …
- Airborne Isolation.
What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?
- Hand hygiene.
- Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).
- Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.
- Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).
- Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).
- Sterile instruments and devices.
What diseases are airborne transmission?
Some of the common pathogens that may spread via airborne transmission are:
What illnesses require airborne precautions?
Airborne precautions are required to protect against airborne transmission of infectious agents. Diseases requiring airborne precautions include, but are not limited to: Measles, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Varicella (chickenpox), and Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
What illness is transmitted by airborne transmission?
Measles and TB are airborne-exclusive diseases. There are several other diseases that spread through respiratory droplets, which can exist either in the air or on surfaces. These diseases include: Chickenpox.
What infections require contact precautions?
Illnesses requiring contact precautions may include, but are not limited to: presence of stool incontinence (may include patients with norovirus, rotavirus, or Clostridium difficile), draining wounds, uncontrolled secretions, pressure ulcers, presence of generalized rash, or presence of ostomy tubes and/or bags …
What are standard precautions?
Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.
How does a pathogen get spread from one person to another person?
Pathogens can be transmitted a few ways depending on the type. They can be spread through skin contact, bodily fluids, airborne particles, contact with feces, and touching a surface touched by an infected person.