A thermostat is placed between the engine and the radiator to make sure that the coolant stays above a certain preset temperature. If the coolant temperature falls below this temperature, the thermostat blocks the coolant flow to the radiator, forcing the fluid instead through a bypass directly back to the engine.
What is the device used to control the flow of coolant in the engine?
Perhaps the most common example of purely mechanical thermostat technology in use today is the internal combustion engine cooling system thermostat, used to maintain the engine near its optimum operating temperature by regulating the flow of coolant to an air-cooled radiator.
How does coolant flow through an engine block?
A liquid cooling system works by passing liquid continually through the passages in the engine block. Powered by the water pump, the coolant is pushed through the engine block. As the solutions travels through these passages, it absorbs heat from the engine. There is a thermostat between the engine and the radiator.
What controls the flow of coolant between the engine block and the cylinder head?
The engine cooling system is comprised of engine coolant, passages inside the engine block and cylinder head(s), a water pump to circulate the coolant, a thermostat to control the temperature of the coolant, a radiator to cool the coolant, a fan to pull air through the radiator, a radiator cap to control the pressure …
How can I tell if my coolant is circulating?
Compare your two readings:
Also, touch the lower radiator hose, after the engine has reached operating temperature. If the lower hose is hot to the touch, coolant is circulating. If the lower hose is not hot, it’s possible the radiator is restricted.
Why is my coolant not circulating?
If coolant isn’t flowing through your system it’s because the thermostat has malfunctioned (stuck closed) and isn’t allowing coolant to flow when the car get’s to temperature. The could be because the rad is blocked, the water pump has failed or the thermostat isn’t working.
How do you make coolant circulate?
Start with a cool engine, but be sure to move the dashboard temperature lever to its hottest setting. This way, if your car has a heater coolant control valve, it will open, allowing more coolant to flow.
Which way does water flow in a car radiator?
Water comes into the radiator from the upper hose at the left of the car, flows through the radiator from left to right, and is picked up at the lower radiator hose on the right side of the vehicle.
What are the two requirements of cooling system?
The two main requirements of an efficient cooling system are: 1. It must be capable of removing only about 30% of the heat generated in the combustion chamber. Too much removal of heat lowers the thermal efficiency of the engine. 2.
Does coolant flow top to bottom?
Usually from the top to the bottom, although there are side-to-side radiators too. There are hundreds of thin tubes running up and down or sideways. The water pump, or natural convection moves the coolant through.
What is a safe coolant temperature?
Most engines are designed to run with coolant temperatures between 160 degrees and 200 degrees. If temperatures in your engine stay too cool combustion will have to be too rich to keep things running smoothly.